Shadows | Waves | Physics | FuseSchool

CREDITS Animation & Design: Jean-Pierre Louw ( Narration: Dale Bennett Script:  Alistair Haynes Click here to see more videos: Light is a form of radiation that travels as a transverse wave. Light behaves in various different ways. It can be refracted and reflected. For more on this, see our video on ray diagrams ( It’s important to remember that light travels in straight lines.Transparent materials allow light to pass through them…  translucent materials allow some light through, but not all and opaque objects don’t let any light pass through, and so they cause shadows. A shadow is an area where there is no light. Shadows have two regions within them; the umbra and the penumbra. The umbra of a shadow is in the center and is the darkest part of the shadow. The penumbra is an extended part of the shadow, that is slightly lighter than the umbra. The size of the umbra and penumbra depend on the size of the object and also the position of the object relative to the light source. Think of shadow puppets. If the light is closer to your hands, the shadow becomes bigger. During a solar eclipse, the moon passes between the Sun and the Earth.Light travelling in a straight line cannot pass through the opaque moon, and so a shadow is cast on a part of the Earth. As always, the shadow has an umbra and the penumbra region. If you are standing in the umbra - so on the part of the Earth where the sun’s light is totally blocked from reaching you, the sun will look like this in the sky.If you are ever lucky enough to witness this rare event, make sure you don’t look directly at the eclipse, as it can damage your eyesight. VISIT us at, where all of our videos are carefully organised into topics and specific orders, and to see what else we have on offer. Comment, like and share with other learners. You can both ask and answer questions, and teachers will get back to you. These videos can be used in a flipped classroom model or as a revision aid. Twitter: Access a deeper Learning Experience in the FuseSchool platform and app: Friend us: This Open Educational Resource is free of charge, under a Creative Commons License: Attribution-NonCommercial CC BY-NC ( View License Deed: ). You are allowed to download the video for nonprofit, educational use. If you would like to modify the video, please contact us:

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