Transport In Cells: Active Transport | Cells | Biology | FuseSchool

Click here to see more videos: In the first part of this video we looked at diffusion to move gases and osmosis for the movement of water, from high concentration to low concentration down their concentration gradient. Active transport works in the opposite direction; it moves molecules from a low concentration to a high concentration, against the concentration gradient. This is the opposite of diffusion and osmosis. And because it is not the natural direction, energy from is required to make this work. Active transport is carried out by protein carriers. The protein carriers are within the cell membrane and they have a specific binding site for the exact molecule they are transporting. The substance binds to the protein carrier on the side that it is at low concentration. And using energy from respiration, the protein carrier releases the substance on the other side of the membrane - where it is already at a higher concentration. Our teachers and animators come together to make fun & easy-to-understand videos in Chemistry, Biology, Physics, Maths & ICT. JOIN our platform at These videos can be used in a flipped classroom model or as a revision aid. Twitter: This Open Educational Resource is free of charge, under a Creative Commons License: Attribution-NonCommercial CC BY-NC ( View License Deed: ). You are allowed to download the video for nonprofit, educational use. If you would like to modify the video, please contact us:

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Substitution | Algebra | Maths | FuseSchool

In algebra, we replace a letter with numbers in the process known as substitution. Given the formula A = 1/2bh, if the base is 5cm and the height is 10cm, then the area is ½ X 5 X 10 because we have replaced the b with 5 and the h with 10. You just need to be be careful with negative numbers: it is