Ci gaban yawan jama'a a duniya | Muhalli | Biology | FuseSchool

Danna nan don ganin karin bidiyo: https://alugha.com/FuseSchool BASHI Animation & Zane: Joshua Thomas (jtmotion101@gmail.com) Labari: Dale Bennett Rubutun: George Dietz Daga kimanin shekaru miliyan 2 da suka wuce har zuwa shekaru 13,000 da suka wuce akwai halittun mutane da dama da ke zaune a duniya. A hakikanin gaskiya, shekaru 100,000 da suka wuce akwai akalla nau'in halittun mutum 6 daban-daban! Yau akwai dai mu: Homo sapiens. A cikin wannan bidiyo, za mu dubi wasu daga cikin mahimman lokuta a cikin yawan ci gaban mu, da kuma abin da nan gaba ya kama. Jinsin mu, Homo sapiens, na farko ya samo asali ne kimanin 200,000 shekaru da suka wuce a gabashin Afirka. Kuma sannu a hankali ya fara fito-gasa mu 'yan uwan Adam. Kuma kimanin shekaru 13,000 da suka wuce 'yan uwanmu na ƙarshe sun ɓace. A cikin shekaru 200,000 da suka gabata, mun karu daga mutum 1 zuwa biliyan 7.5 a yau. Mutanen Homo sapien' sun fara bore kimanin shekaru 70,000 da suka wuce, suna tuka sauran jinsin dan adam zuwa fashewa. Kakanninmu sun mamaye dukkan sasanninta na duniya kuma sun fara ƙirƙirar abubuwa masu ban sha'awa. Bayani mafi karɓa ga kakanninmu nasara mai sauri shine babban cigaba a cikin harshenmu, sabili da haka sadarwa da ikon raba bayanai. Shekaru 12,000 da suka wuce, a asuba noma, akwai kimanin mutane miliyan 5 da ke raye. Kakanninmu sun fara noma wasu tsirrai da na dabbobi, don samar musu da abin dogaro da wutar lantarki. Wannan ya canja yadda muka rayu. Mutane sun zauna har abada a kusa da filayen, kuma yawan jama'a sun fara girma da sauri fiye da kowane lokaci. Mun dauki shekaru miliyan 2 mu kai mutum miliyan 5, sannan kuma shekaru 10,000 su kai mutum biliyan 1. Kuma wannan ba kome ba ne idan aka kwatanta da abin da ya zo! 200 shekaru da suka wuce, yawan mutanen duniya sun kasance kimanin mutane biliyan 1. Yanzu muna cikin babbar biliyan 7.5 a yau. Kuma duk da haka, a kowace shekara, akwai mutane miliyan 83 da ke zaune a wannan duniyar. Wannan shi ne yawan jama'ar kasar Jamus! Ya fara ne tare da sake juyin juya halin noma a Turai a cikin 1700s, sa'an nan kuma juyin juya halin masana'antu na 1800s. Ƙirƙirar injin tururi, ƙara samar da abinci, mafi kyawun kuɗin aiki da albashi, inganta ingantaccen kiwon lafiya da kuma yanayin rayuwa sun sa yawancin jama'a. A cikin sauƙi, saboda akwai karin abinci da ruwa mai tsabta don tafiya, ƙananan cuta da kuma kulawa da lafiya mafi kyau ga marasa lafiya, yana nufin mutane kaɗan sun mutu. Mutanen da ba haka ba za su mutu ba, sun tsira da kara yawan jama'a. Sannan suna da yara da kansu, suna kara yawan jama'a, don haka labarin ya ci gaba. Ana sa ran za mu samu sama da biliyan 11 nan da shekarar 2100. Amma gaskiya babu wanda ya tabbata. Don tallafawa yawan jama'a, ana sa ran tattalin arzikin duniya zai sau uku a cikin wannan karni kadai. Dukkan wannan babban kalubale ne ga albarkatun ƙasa, biomes, da namun daji. Yawan jama'a zai iya ci gaba da girma a halin yanzu, samar da yawan mutanen duniya fiye da biliyan 10 a cikin shekaru 30 masu zuwa. Don wannan ya faru, akwai buƙatar samun isasshen abinci, ruwa, tsari, kuma cewa tsabta da kiwon lafiya yana da kyau. Ko watakila yawan mutanen duniya yana rage-rage. Akwai yiwuwar wadataccen albarkatun da za a raba. Wataƙila abinci da ruwa sun zama marasa yawa ko rashin isasshen gidaje ga kowa da kowa ko kulawa da likita, wanda ke hana cututtuka da ceton rayuka, bazai samuwa ga kowa da kowa ba. Wataƙila amfani da maganin rigakafi a yau zai iya haifar da annoba ta duniya a nan gaba. Ko kuma canjin yanayi na mutum-mutum-mutumi zai iya haifar da mummunar fari ko ambaliyar ruwa mai lalacewa, don haka yana kawo yunwa ko cuta tare da shi. ZIYARCI mu a www.fuseschool.org, inda aka tsara dukkan bidiyonmu a cikin batutuwa da takamaiman umarni, kuma don ganin abin da muke da shi a kan tayin. Sharhi, kamar kuma raba tare da sauran masu koyo. Kuna iya yin tambaya da amsa tambayoyi, kuma malamai za su dawo da ku. Wadannan bidiyo za a iya amfani da su a cikin samfurin aji na flipped ko a matsayin taimakon bita. Samun dama ga Ƙwarewar Ilmantarwa mai zurfi a cikin dandalin FuseSchool da app: www.fuseschool.org Wannan Bude Hanyar Ilimi kyauta ne, a ƙarƙashin Lasisin Creative Commons: Attribution-Non-Commercial CC BY-NC (Duba Lambar Lasisi: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/). An ba ku izinin sauke bidiyon don rashin amfani, amfani da ilimi. Idan kuna son gyara bidiyo, tuntuɓe mu: info@fuseschool.org

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